As we know, there are many natural ingredients, especially parts of plants that can be used as antibacterial plaster materials as well as accelerating the wound closure process, namely banana leaves (Musa paradisiaca L.) and bandotan leaves (Ageratum conyzoides). The ethanol extract in the leaves of Bandotan (Ageratum conyzoides) can be an antibacterial alternative, while the flavonoids in banana sap can accelerate the wound closure process. The method used was maceration to obtain ethanol extract from the leaves of bandotan (Ageratum conyzoides). The fiber of the banana stalk is taken and dried first. In the end, there will be 2 main ingredients in this product: Frond fiber and ethanol extract of bandotan leaves (Ageratum conyzoides). There are 2 variables in this study, namely control (reguler plaster), treatment using banana leaf fiber and bandotan leaf extract. The 2 variables will be tested pre-clinically on the tails of Rattus sp. to determine the time difference between wound closure speed and antibacterial effect of common plaster with this eco-gauze product namely “GAUZEPTIC”. The result of this research is that the wound will be closed within 5 days if you use regular plaster products, but if you use “GAUZEPTIC”, the wound will close within 3 days. The results of this test prove that the “GAUZEPTIC” is effective in wound closure and reduces the presence of secondary infections in the skin compared to ordinary plaster products.
(Ageratum conyzoides) Utilization of Banana Fronds as Health Products in the Field of Wound Covering Plaster, Antibacterial, and Accelerating Wound Closure with Babandotan leaf (Ageratum conyzoides)
Minor wounds to the skin such as cuts or scrapes due to falls or accidents while working can be treated using several antiseptic agents such as NaCl or wound covering plaster so that the exposed skin can be protected from foreign body contact and prevent secondary infection. However, the wound covering plaster products circulating in the general public have not been able to handle wounds maximally because there is infection by bacteria around the wound due to the lack of pores and the lack of antibacterial effectiveness in the plaster. This condition causes the injured skin to become moist and slows the wound closure process.