In an era that continues to develop rapidly and modernization continues to advance, making everything look more practical and efficient. One of the obvious examples is the use of baby diapers, which is the choice of mothers especially in East Java. The use of baby diapers pop that looks practical has a big impact, especially along the watershed area (DAS) of Surabaya, East Java, which is turned down from the Brantas River. Baby diapers are a phopoxic tool when they are used as high energy absorbers which are made of plastic and chemical compounds such as water metabolism and chemical compounds such as water and chemical compounds. Disposable baby diapers are the main choice that makes it easier for mothers because they are considered effective and practical in their use. However, the use of baby diapers can cause serious environmental problems in terms of the accumulation of waste generated and environmental pollution due to the chemical content of these baby diapers. Diaper diapers contain a lot of plastic particles that are not easily biodegradable. Diapers contain a lot of plastic particles which are harmful to public health because they are known to cause cancer. Baby diaper waste takes 250-250 years to be completely broken down. This plastic material will gradually change to micro and nano sizes which can enter the body through food or drinks such as fish, shellfish and PDAM water. The higher the use of baby diapers, the more waste will be generated. So that the use of baby diapers without being balanced with the waste management or utilization system will eventually become one of the causes of problems in the field of environmental pollution, because this waste will disrupt the life cycle. . The negative impact caused by waste of baby popcorn diapers increases the creativity of innovative waste processing in an effort to reduce the risk of pollution from the baby popcorn. This study utilized cotton diapers containing cellulose (high fiber) for growing media for white oyster mushrooms (Pleurotus sp). Cellulose is a polymeric glucose whose glycosidic content has β configuration so that it forms a straight, unbranched, and strong structure. Cellulose serves as the building blocks of paper and cotton. Cellulose can be used as a growing medium for mushrooms which comes from a combination of sawdust as a base medium and several mixtures such as rice bran. Important enzymes, namely cellulase, hemicellulase, and ligninase so that they are ready for consumption by fungi. In this study an experiment was conducted to determine the effect of adding waste. diaper diapers with concentrations of 10%, 25%, and 50% on growing media against the growth of white oyster mushrooms. The experiment was carried out through the manufacturing stage of the media for making popcorn diapers, the waste of popok diapers was separated from the plastic with the cotton. Kapaspopok diapers are cut into small pieces. The cuttings of popok diapers were mixed with sawdust, bran, lime, and water with a ratio of 10%, 25% and 50% of the increment of popok diapers as a medium for mushroom planting. The media is inserted into plastic (baglog) and closed with a lid and cotton. Each treatment is repeated 5 times so that there are 20 baglogs. All logs are inserted into autoclave sterilization and are heated to a maximum of 165 OC. Wait for the seeds to spread until the baglog turns white for 1 week. After the baglog has completely turned white, a cut is made at the top and bottom of the baglog as a place for mold growth. The baglog is placed in a damp place and watered every morning using a spray. Mushrooms that grow can be harvested when it is 4 days old. Harvesting can be done 4-6 times per baglog. cultivation and harvesting. Planting data is in the form of medium growth of mycelium, mycelium grows and spreads in 2-4 weeks after seeding. and the weight of the fruit mushrooms produced from with a mixture of media diaper waste at a concentration of 10% 409 g, 25% of 396 g, and 50% of 371 g, almost the same as 0% (control) of the 465 g formed. From the research results, it can be seen that the initial waste of diapers can be used as a growing medium for white mushrooms (Pleurotussp) so that from this study it can reduce the impact of pollution which can be used as an efficient medium. It is often consumed in Indonesia. Utilization of diaper waste as a medium for growing white mushrooms is expected to reduce environmental pollution, especially in water.
PLODI : POTENTIAL OF DIAPER WASTE AS MUSHROOM (Pleurotus sp.) PLANTING MEDIA
The use of baby diapers, which is the choice of mothers, especially in East Java, which seems practical, actually has a big impact, namely it can pollute the environment, especially along the Surabaya River flow (DAS), East Java. Diaper diapers contain many plastic particles that are not easily broken down and can enter the body through food or drinks such as fish, shellfish and PDAM water. The negative impact of this baby diaper waste increases the creativity of innovative waste management in an effort to reduce the risk of contamination of these baby diapers. This study utilized cotton diapers containing cellulose (high fiber) for growing white oyster mushrooms. The potential of cellulose from cotton diaper waste as a growing medium for white oyster mushrooms (Pleurotus sp.).In this study, known to conduct experiments to determine the effect of the adding of diapers waste with concentrations of 10%, 25%, and 50% in growing media towards the growth of white oyster mushrooms. Experiments were carried out through the stages of making diapers waste mushroom growing media, seeding, cultivation, and harvesting. Data in the form of mycelium growth in the growing medium and body weight of the mushrooms that were formed. The use of diaper waste as a growing media for white oyster mushrooms is expected to reduce environmental pollution, especially in water areas. Key words: Diaper wastes, cellulose, white oyster mushroom growing media.