In this modern era, industrial development in Indonesia is growing rapidly. The number of industries can have positive and negative impacts. The positive impacts of the industry include the creation of jobs and the use of new technology in various fields. The negative impact comes from discarded industrial waste in the form of waste containing substances that are detrimental to the surrounding community. Waste is residue or waste from a process of human activity or activity which can become pollutant material in an environment that can endanger the environment, health, human survival and other living things (Karmana. 2007). Not only from land, waste problems also come from the water. Indonesia also rejects shipments of waste from abroad. This is to respond to the presence of hazardous and toxic waste (B3) that has entered a number of ASEAN countries from several countries, including the East Asia region. Based on data from the Directorate General of Customs and Excise of the Ministry of Finance, until October 2019 Indonesia has received 2,194 containers of waste (quoted from katadata.co.id). Of the many types of waste, household waste is the most dangerous waste, and it can be said that the environmental damage due to household waste is greater than the environmental damage caused by industrial waste, this is due to the lack of attention to the disposal and treatment system of all types of waste. . One type of inorganic waste from household waste is disposable sanitary napkins (Hasibuan, 2016). Based on data from the National Women's Health Network, there are about 85 million women in the United States who are of reproductive age and have regular periods. They contribute 12 billion cotton pads and 7 million tampons to landfills every year. Meanwhile, according to the OrganiCup page, one woman will produce 11,000 disposable pads in her lifetime (quoted from idntimes.com) Sanitary waste takes a long time to decompose. The plastic material contained in it will decompose after tens or even hundreds of years. Not only that, the degraded plastic layer will also become microplastic when carried into the ocean. By itself, microplastics will become food for fish in the ocean and end up back in the human food chain (quoted from cnnindonesia.com). Currently Indonesia is faced with a waste problem that has not been resolved, a new problem has emerged, namely the corona virus (Covid-19) which is increasingly becoming endemic. The landfill of medical waste is currently a big problem that must be faced. One of the biggest contributors to medical waste is disposable masks. In Indonesia alone, mask waste has increased by an estimated 0.1% of the pile of garbage during the corona virus pandemic. The spread of medical waste is indeed important to watch out for. The reason is that according to the World Health Organization (WHO), medical waste in the form of PPE such as hazmat or disposable masks can contain body fluids such as blood or other contaminants. This is of course very dangerous if the medical waste contaminates food or water that will be consumed by the community. Therefore, to prevent waste, especially plastic waste from entering the sea, it is necessary to carry out control in the form of waste management in order to reduce the levels of contaminants in the environment (quoted from health.grid.id). Indonesia as a tropical country also certainly has a variety of plants that have been tested as antibacterial, such as frangipani flowers and mint leaves. However, because its use is only limited to medicine, it is necessary to develop the utilization of these plants in other fields such as the shoe industry. This is because so far the shoe insoles on the market have not had an antibacterial effect. So that many shoe users actually experience a lot of foot odor due to the large amount of sweat that comes out without adequate absorption by the insole. So that the bacteria that are on the user's feet and the shoe insole will develop and make the feet smell unpleasant. Based on this problem, the researchers took the initiative to develop a product that aims to reduce environmental pollution, especially the waste of used sanitary napkins and masks, namely antibacterial shoe insoles that reduce foot odor and have a cold sensation when worn. This shoe insole uses natural anti-bacterial ingredients such as extracts of red frangipani flowers and mint mint. So that it doesn't have a negative impact on its users. Therefore, researchers hope that this product can benefit society and can increase public awareness of the surrounding environment
Antibacterial Inshole Shoes
Antibacterial Insole Shoe is the latest innovation to treat foot odor in shoes. Shoe soles that are made of sanitary napkins and masks combined with frangipani flower extract and mint leaves will come as a solution to the problem of foot odor in your shoes. It contains of vitamin E and emolline in frangipani flowers that can nourish the skin so that the skin remains elastic and soft and it also contains alkanoids, tannins, triterpenoids, and flavonoids as antibiotics. Mint leaves can cool the skin because it iscontain anti-oxidants anti-inflammatory called rosmarinic acid.